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Excavation at Mexborough Glass Works

A team from Wessex Archaeology’s Sheffield Office has just finished excavating at the site of a late 19th century New Don glass bottle works in Mexborough, an important site in South Yorkshire’s glass making past.
This excavation has been undertaken by our clients Lidl, who will shortly commence development of a new community food store on the site.
One of the most interesting finds unearthed during the excavation was part of a Siemens-Martin tank furnace which would have been one of the earliest regenerative furnaces in Yorkshire. The waste heat and gases were reused to heat the tanks, allowing for continuous glass production and the use of less fuel.

243 The Wessex team on site recording remains of 19th century industrial buildings

Other finds included hundreds of marbles that were used to ‘stop’ early carbonated drinks bottles, called Codd bottles after their inventor Hiram Codd. The bottles themselves are very rare as many were recycled or smashed by children to retrieve the marbles!

244 An intact Codd bottle and a collection of stopper marbles from the Mexborough glassworks site




the codd bottle and collection of stopper marble from mexborough are rare ones but the marble stoppers are still in use in pakistan as the children play with it. these are called in pakistan biloorya (glass pearls. and it is a part of village/city culture that during the rituals playing with these marbles (biloorya) can observed usual.

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