2000

The year started with an excavation at St Mary's Stadium in Southampton that started to rewrite the history of Saxon Hamwic (the forerunner of the modern city). The discovery of a cemetery containing cremation and inhumation burials, some richly furnished with weapons and others with jewellery, suggested that the town's earliest inhabitants may have been Jutish, preceding the West Saxons who were known to have arrived in 686. One gold pendant suggests that Hamwic may have had links with the 7th century Frisian (Dutch) royal court. 
 
At Stansted Airport, Framework Archaeology was in the middle a major fieldwork exercise that had started in 1999 and would end in 2001. An area of nearly 30 hectares was investigated. Two Palaeolithic hand axes and a scraper found near the course of an ancient river channel marked the earliest activity at the site. The gradual change from exploitation of natural resources to farming was marked by the remains of settlements from the Middle Bronze Age into later prehistory and beyond. 
 
Work on the Channel Tunnel High Speed Rail Link (CTRL) in Kent also entered a major new phase with excavations starting on the Roman town and temple complex at Springhead. Started in September 2000, the sites would not be finished until March 2003. The quantity and variety of finds from the excavation was enormous: bulk finds (such as pottery and animal bone) weighing 5,035 kg and numbering 7,565 individual finds, along with brooches, pins, coins (amongst other finds) were brought back to Salisbury for analysis.