Coldswood Road

 At Coldswood Road a large number of ditches dating to the late Iron Age - early Roman-British and medieval periods were found, giving us a picture of small enclosed fields with a hollow-way. Next to the hollow-way was a cemetery with the remains of seven early Romano-British, unurned cremation burials. There were metal casket fittings in four of the graves and all had been buried with pottery vessels. The pots were used to date the burials to the period of Claudius and Nero - making the casket burials some of the earliest found in Britain.  
Photograph and plan of an un-urned cremationPhotograph and plan of an un-urned cremationThe cremation burials were not inside pots, as is common during this period. They were  probably just put into small containers of wood, textile or leather and placed in small pits. The photo (right) shows one of these pits with a pile of cremated bone (upper right) beside three pots placed as grave goods. These do not contain any cremated bone. Click the image to see a more detailed plan of this cremation.
A rare, good example of a fine quality, complete circular grindstone was found in one of the medieval enclosures at Coldswood Road. It probably came from the Lower Greensand of A quern stone from one of the ditchesA quern stone from one of the ditchesKent (Folkestone - Maidstone) where various outcrops are known. Such stones were used to sharpen knives and swords. A grindstone suggests there was a smithy in the area, but no iron slag was found to support this.

The medieval grindstone

Excavating the quern stoneExcavating the quern stoneAfter cleaning and processingAfter cleaning and processing

An un-urned cremation

Detailed plan of the cremationDetailed plan of the cremation