Iron Age and Romano-British

2659

During the Iron Age the Bronze Age field system was finally replaced by a new organisation of the landscape, at least in the eastern half of ICSG. Here evidence was found for a small Middle–Late Iron Age open settlement of roundhouses and pits. Close to the settlement was an inhumation burial in a pit containing Middle Iron Age pottery, worked and burnt flint, and animal bone – of cattle, sheep/goat, horse and pig. 
 
Next to the settlement was a 30 metre wide square ditched enclosure, with an east-facing entrance at its north-east corner. Although the enclosure had no features inside it to indicate its function, it was clearly of some importance as its ditch had been cleaned out and recut on a number of occasions. 
 
The Iron Age enclosure was subsequently incorporated within a series of Romano-British enclosures, with the same orientation, arranged along both sides of a trackway – suggesting that the trackway had probably been established during the Iron Age.
 
Although no Romano-British buildings were found, large quantities of domestic debris accumulated in the enclosure ditches as well as in spreads of midden material, suggesting settlement in the immediate vicinity.
2661

2662

The Romano-British enclosures underwent a number of phases of reorganisation, with each new set encroaching further into the trackways, which was eventually narrowed. 
The purpose of the trackway is suggested by angled fence lines, further intruding into its line, which appear designed to funnel livestock into the adjacent enclosures. The environmental evidence points to a landscape of open grazed, wet, rough grassland, with patches of bare, animal trampled ground, although there were some arable fields within the general vicinity.
 
In the corner of one enclosure were the bottom courses of a box-frame for a timber-lined well, the wooden slats having notches cut out near their corners so they slotted together to form a rigid structure.