The Discoveries

3564 The site at Larkhill, image captured by Rob Rawcliffe of FIDES Flare Media Ltd

 
The archaeological discoveries range from the Neolithic period (approximately 4000–2000 BC) to the Second World War (1939–1945). 
 
The Neolithic discoveries are changing the way people view the development of the Stonehenge landscape. At Larkhill, a causewayed enclosure (so called because it is made up of a series of segments of ditch with causeways between them, which together define a sub-circular area) predates the sarsen stone circle at Stonehenge by 1000 years. 
 

3565 Excavating a Neolithic pit at Bulford

At Bulford, a later Neolithic ceremonial complex consisting of a unique double henge and an extensive scatter of pits containing a range of remarkable objects was uncovered. 
 
At both Larkhill and Bulford, the Neolithic sites formed the foci for later prehistoric activity. Beaker and Bronze Age inhumation and cremation burials clustered around the causewayed enclosure and henges, and – at the Larkhill causewayed enclosure – a line of posts was erected that seems to point to the midwinter sunset.
 

3566 Anglo-Saxon grave at Tidworth

Over 2000 years later, in the 7th century AD, the Anglo-Saxons began to bury their dead next to the Bulford henges. It is quite common for Saxon cemeteries to be located next to much older burial mounds, and at Bulford around 150 burials were discovered while to the north-east, at Tidworth, another Anglo-Saxon cemetery comprising 55 burials was uncovered.
 
Little seems to have happened at any of the ABP sites for many centuries after the Saxons had departed, with the areas reverting to agricultural land. Not until the onset of the First World War did anything happen which left any archaeological trace. At Larkhill, the largest known network of WWI practice trenches in the country has been uncovered, including a tunnel system containing graffiti which identifies over a 100 mainly Commonwealth soldiers who were being trained for trench warfare at the nearby Larkhill Camp. 
3567 WWI practice trench at Larkhill
 
Evidence of WWI training and preparation was also revealed at Bulford, where horseshoes indicated farriers working with horses departing for the Somme.
 
To find out more about the archaeology at Bulford, Larkhill and Tidworth follow these links: