Excavation & Mitigation


A small percentage of developments will require mitigation works. The most well known mitigation technique is excavation.
Excavation: is the traditional image of archaeology but it takes place rarely. When it does, it can be a labour-intensive and skilled process which needs to be well planned and managed to ensure that it runs to budget and programme.
Watching Brief: is where an archaeologist monitors groundworks to identify and examine archaeological finds.
Strip and Record/Strip, Map and Record: is where archaeological remains are thought to be present but their type is not known. The topsoil is removed (‘stripped’) under archaeological supervision and the archaeology is then planned and excavated (‘mapped and recorded’).