Area 3 – Aug-Oct 1998

Wooden stakes found on site - photograph taken in-situWooden stakes found on site - photograph taken in-situThis area of excavation contained a range of archaeological remains. The fact that some of the features occurred within the palaeochannel is of great interest. These features probably represent timber revetments to minimise erosion of the channel bank. The structures were made of thick well-worked timber stakes, several of which partially survive, forming several phases of revetment. They were positioned at a point within the channel where water erosion would be greatest. The exact date of these is unkown but they are believed to be Roman. However samples will be sent for Radiocarbon dating to confirm this (see overview).
 
Map of earliset features in Area 3Map of earliset features in Area 3Most of the Roman features were ditches that probably relate to drainage, land division and stock control. The plan to the right shows just such a ditch (10681) which was used as a boundary or for drainage and quite possibly both.Then immediately to the east of this is a series of 7 post-pits (10691) and another ditch (4009) that may have supported a fence for stock control (see plan in overview of Romans).

Map of latest features in Area 3Map of latest features in Area 3Finally there were at least five circular 'hoops' built from crudely worked twigs and branches, which may have been fish traps. These were located within the palaeochannel in or near the narrowed section of revetments. On-site dating was not possible so samples have been sent for Radiocarbon dating (see overview).

 
Photograph of fishtraps found on sitePhotograph of fishtraps found on site Photograph showing the location of in-situ wooden stakes that form part of a revetment - red dots mark the location of the stakePhotograph showing the location of in-situ wooden stakes that form part of a revetment - red dots mark the location of the stake