Cottingdon Road

Neolithic sites are scarce on Thanet, but a small number were found along the route of the pipeline, including a possible mortuary structure at Broadley Road and four small pits at Cottingdon Road. The round pits contained Mortlake-style pottery, flint tools and waste, charcoal and burnt flint, charred hazelnut shells and a hammerstone. The artefacts had been deliberatley chosen and placed in the pits.
Plan of cremation cemeteryPlan of cremation cemetery A small Romano-British cemetery (AD43-410) was excavated. In it were both creamation graves and inhumations (burials of unburnt bone). 

The Cremation graves

Seven of the cremation deposits were placed in urns, of which five were amphorae. These are vessels that were used to transport wine, olive oil or fish sauce from the Mediterranean. 
Grave goods had been placed within the amphorae.
A cremation urn - The excavation processA cremation urn - The excavation process Follow the excavation process of an urned cremation burial.



Plan of inhumation cemeteryPlan of inhumation cemetery


The Inhumation graves

A minimum of 13 individuals were identified. They had been buried in graves that were aligned roughly north-south, mainly following the enclosure boundaries. The human bone was generally poorly preserved within the soil, although the deeper the grave the better it was preserved. A number of grave goods were found, including a jug and a bronze buckle.
The small multi-rite cemetery reflects the national trend, which by the middle part of the 2nd century saw a change from cremation to burial.
Inhumation burials with grave goodsInhumation burials with grave goods Only a few Anglo-Saxon features were recorded along the route of the pipeline. One of them was a sunken-features building at Cottingdon Road.  The 7th century Grubenhaus lay to the west of the cemetery. It was of a size and form that is typical of these buildings in England, Scandinavia and northern Germany. Pottery and charcoal analysis suggest that this was a domestic building.