Tusks and teeth (2002)

In 2002, UMA reported a collection of animal remains found off East Anglia. Wessex Archaeology sought advice from the Natural History Museum, initially on the basis of photographs and then by sending the remains to be examined. The remains were identified as follows:
  • an upper molar from a small woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius);
  • a fragment of mammoth tusk;
  • a fragment of scapula (shoulder bone), also probably from a mammoth;
  • a tine (point) from a red deer (Cervus elaphus) antler;
  • part of a whale vertebra.
The red deer antler was from quite a large individual, but the mammoth remains are all from quite small individuals. The mammoth molar is most typical of Middle Devensian populations, and mammoth and red deer occur together in some stages of the Middle Devensian, when individual red deer can be extremely large.
Mammoth's ToothMammoth's ToothRed deer tine.Red deer tine.
A mid Devensian date would fit with the suspected date of the aggregates being dredged, but the whale vertebra is a puzzle as the area would have been dry land at the time the aggregates were laid down.
Whale vertebraWhale vertebra