Area D2

Area D2 lay just 70 m south of Area D1 in Churchdown (OS National Grid reference 389300, 219300). This area also contained Early to Middle Iron Age activity in the form of pits and postholes but no clear structures were identified.

2744 Late Iron Age roundhouse

This was the only excavated area to contain Late Iron Age settlement features including two roundhouses (with diameters of 9 m and 10 m) and a disturbed human burial. Dating evidence was provided by 1st-century AD pottery and two radiocarbon dates. Modelling of these dates shows that one of the roundhouses was probably occupied in the 1st century BC and very likely prior to the Roman Conquest.
 
After the occupation of the roundhouses, sometime in the 1st or 2nd centuries AD, the evidence for settlement in Area D2 ceased and it was used solely for agriculture, as represented by field and enclosure ditches.
 
The evidence for Middle Iron Age activity was sparse but was present at all three sites. By the later Iron Age there was a settlement on the low-lying land at the base of the hillfort on Churchdown Hill. After the Roman Conquest the roundhouses were replaced by a rectangular structure on stone foundations, probably a farmstead rather than a villa, and the surrounding fields and enclosures were modified for agricultural use.
 
Occupation and domestic activity seems to have ceased at the end of the 2nd century, possibly the settlement moved to outside the excavated areas, or perhaps further afield to access better transport links such as rivers or roads as the area became increasingly Romanised. Hucclecote villa lies less than 2 km to the south of Churchdown Hill and the demise of the native settlement may be linked to changes to the villa estate.