The Walled Garden

The excavations in the garden found the layout of the paths and confirmed their alignment. The paths were lined by specially deepened planting beds to improve the growing conditions from the natural shallow soil over limestone. We also found evidence of ornamental garden features and a well with an adjacent stone cistern. These were all unknown aspects that were fed back into the design of the restored gardens.
Half section, hand-excavation of the well.Half section, hand-excavation of the well.Excavation of the well and associated stone cistern in progress.Excavation of the well and associated stone cistern in progress.Section of a bedding trench showing the brown clay in a planting bed.Section of a bedding trench showing the brown clay in a planting bed.
Garden path leading across the garden from the main gate.Garden path leading across the garden from the main gate.Excavation of the stone cistern in progress.Excavation of the stone cistern in progress.Fully excavated stone cistern. Note the rough sides, broken off when the garden was grassed over.Fully excavated stone cistern. Note the rough sides, broken off when the garden was grassed over.
The cistern was carved from a single piece of stone. Note the clay surround to aid water retention within the porous stone cisteThe cistern was carved from a single piece of stone. Note the clay surround to aid water retention within the porous stone ciste