The Barrow Clump site is one of at least twenty barrows in the barrow cemetery referred to as the Barrow Clump group. The site is the only surviving earthwork remaining, the rest of the barrows have been ploughed level.
The site has been the subject of archaeological investigations in the past. However, a considerable amount of evidence still remains and is slowly being destroyed.
This site is important to the local heritage, as well as national, as it provides a continuous story from the Neolithic until Anglo-Saxon period (4000BC – 1066AD) for the area.
19th Century Investigations
In the 19th century, Lt-Colonel William Hawley undertook an excavation at the site, along with other prehistoric barrows. At the site, he discovered the grave of an old man with a Beaker and flint knife. He also found four burials, three adults and an infant with a Food Vessel.
There is not a lot of published information about this excavation but we think that Hawley’s investigations only covered a small area of the Barrow Clump site.
English Heritage Excavations 2003
In 2003, English Heritage undertook a geophysical survey and excavation to assess the damage caused by badgers and to develop a strategy for protecting Barrow Clump.
The geophysical survey was successful in identifying:
- Twenty ring ditches of a variety of forms and sizes;
- A series of linear boundary ditches;
- A curving alignment of pits.
The 2003 excavations discovered:
- Neolithic: Evidence for a Neolithic occupation site, represented by large numbers of struck and burnt flint, and sherds of Peterborough ware (c. 3000 BC);
- Bronze Age: A Beaker burial dating to the Early Bronze Age (c. 2200 BC);
- Iron Age:A small quantity of Late Iron Age/ Romano British pottery (c. 50 AD);
- Anglo-Saxon:Twelve inhumation burials dating to Anglo-Saxon period with a variety of grave goods, some indicating high social status (c. 500 AD).
You can find out more about the metalwork discovered in the Anglo-Saxon graves by downloading the English Heritage specialist report.