Causewayed Enclosure

3609 Original image captured by Rob Rawcliffe of FIDES Flare Media Ltd.
The most notable prehistoric discovery at Larkhill was an Early Neolithic Causewayed Enclosure approximately 210 metres in diameter. A series of seven ditch segments against the site’s southern boundary formed 117 metres of the enclosure’s arc.
The two easternmost ditch segments were separated by an unusually wide causeway of 13.5 metres, which may have been an entrance. Placed centrally within this gap was a shallow oval stepped pit containing Early Neolithic pottery. 

3601 Pottery of south-western type from the enlcosure ditch

Other ditch segments contained pottery of various types. The primary fills contained fragments of Decorated Bowl pottery, most of which were of a stylistically local type (Windmill Hill ware), but which also included forms that were more typical of the south-west peninsula (Hembury ware).
Only a single line of ditch segments was encountered. Since many Causewayed Enclosures consist of multiple circuits of ditch one inside the other, further arcs may exist inside the area defined by the excavated segments (there are none outside it, on the north side at least). The projected diameter (210 meters) compares well with that of the well-known Causewayed Enclosure at Robin Hood’s Ball, four kilometres to the west-north-west, perhaps suggesting that an inner ditch circuit could be expected. 


The enclosure and its associated features represent a major new discovery in the Stonehenge landscape. It sits just below the brow of the low hill occupied by Larkhill Camp, commanding broad views to the north-east across the valley of the river Avon towards Barrow Clump and Sidbury. While most of the enclosure remains uninvestigated within the camp, projections of its size suggest that its entire circuit lies on the northern side of the hill, and therefore looks out across the Avon valley rather than south and south-west towards Stonehenge, adding a very significant architectural element to the Early Neolithic landscape north of the WHS.