Middle Bronze Age

At the start of the Middle Bronze Age (1500-1100 BC) people reorganised the once open landscape into a system of fields and farms at Kingsmead Quarry. So far the investigations have identified two separate farmsteads with associated paddocks and fields.  

832 Bronze Age field system
Both settlements had post-built roundhouses, fencelines, pits and waterholes. Several cattle burials were found associated with one of the farmsteads, and may indicate the importance of cattle to the communities’ economy at this time.
 

835 Top: "quoit-headed" pin Below: "picardy" pin836 Globular vessel

Finds from the period include two significant bronze finds, one from each of the settlements. A ‘quoit-headed’ pin was recovered from the upper fill of a boundary ditch, and possibly represents a ‘votive’ offering or a placed deposit. The quoit-headed pin would have been used to fasten a cloak or a piece of clothing and may have been buried deliberately. A decorative pin of ‘Picardy’ type was recovered from the corner of a segmented enclosure, apparently from a random and non-ritualised deposition. The pin shaft has a complex incised linear motif and, although now missing, the pin-head may have held a setting of glass or amber.
 
Pottery from the farm included a complete globular vessel recovered from the bottom of a waterhole. Vessels of this date are rarely found complete, and this one may have been carefully placed in the waterhole as a votive offering. It has a number of perforated lugs, perhaps to allow it to be suspended over a fire. Soot on the outside and charred food on the inside of the pot support this idea. This pottery type is a fineware made at a time when bigger, coarser vessels, called Bucket or Barrel Urns, were the more common style of pottery.